11 Feb 2016

How to Protect from Zika Virus

How to Protect from Zika Virus

Zika virus was discovered decades ago in Zika forest in Uganda, and because the symptoms of the infection are usually mild, 80% of those infected do not even have symptoms, the researchers did not paid much attention to it. Carried by mosquitoes, Zika recently migrated to the Americas, where populations have not built immunity, allowing it to spread rapidly. And although experts are not sure yet, infection in pregnancy appears to increase the risk of congenital malformation called microcephaly, a condition in which infants are born with smaller heads than normal and brains sub- developed.

On 1 February, WHO Director General Margaret Chan convened an emergency committee of experts "agreed that a causal relationship between Zika infection during pregnancy and microcephaly is strongly suspected, but not yet scientifically proven." Some researchers have raised questions about the increased reports of babies born with the disease. Instead of the 150 reported cases of typical microcephaly, Brazil saw 4100 last year, although in the investigation of these cases, the Brazilian Ministry of Health revised the number down considerably. Some of the place of microcephaly may be due to increased awareness and increased by declaration, as the former "usual" incidence rate is significantly lower than expected compared to rates in other countries.

WHO officially declared the epidemic in Brazil Zika "a public health emergency of international concern" and advises "coordinated international action ... to improve the monitoring, detection of infections, birth defects and neurological complications, d intensify the control of mosquito populations and to accelerate the development of diagnostic tests and vaccines to protect those at risk, especially during pregnancy. "

Right now, only those residing or traveling to the affected areas at risk of Zika. The most important risk category at this stage is of pregnant women because of the binding of virus to congenital malformations. Although most symptoms are mild in infected adults, the researchers are also investigating a possible link between Zika and an increase in cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome, a neurological disorder that can cause paralysis.
pregnant woman belly

Public Health currently focuses on the protection of pregnant women. The CDC warns pregnant women and women planning pregnancy to avoid travel to affected areas Zika. El Salvador went to ask its population to avoid pregnancy for the next two years, while other governments have suggested waiting 6-8 months, when they expect the outbreak to fade. But mosquitoes carrying the virus will likely continue to migrate, and experts estimate that as other diseases transmitted by insects, such as West Nile virus, a warming climate means that these formerly tropical diseases can increase their range in time

How you Can Protect Your Self From Zika Virus ?

There are no vaccinations or treatments for Zika yet. To avoid viruses, you should not travel to affected areas and use protection against insect bites, if you do. As of early 2016, Zika active transmission was found in 25 countries in the Americas, including Mexico and parts of the Caribbean, and Samoa, American Samoa and Cape Verde. The CDC lists these areas as a warning level 2 (enhanced practical precautions) and has not issued a warning level 3 (avoid nonessential travel). The Emergency Committee which "found no justification for public health restrictions on travel or trade to prevent the spread of Zika virus. "

The CDC advises pregnant women to travel in these regions to realize that mosquitoes mainly bite Zika during the day. They advise common sense measures like keeping skin covered, using insect repellent EPA-approved and stay in buildings nets or air. Pregnant women who have traveled to these regions are invited to discuss testing with their doctors.

Even if you are not pregnant, if you have traveled to an area Zika infection and develop a rash, joint pain, or reddened eyes, speak with your doctor to do a blood test to Zika. Take precautions to avoid mosquito bites to avoid transmitting the virus to others.

Mosquito bites Prevention

Mosquitoes carry other viruses of interest, such as West Nile, are already largely in North America, to protect yourself against mosquito bites is always a good idea. The Environmental Working Group has studied the efficacy and chemical profiles of a number of repellents and recommends that, in situations where you try to avoid serious diseases, most powerful repellents like DEET may be justified, even for pregnant women.

Around your home, there are a number of natural ways to reduce mosquito populations. Do not allow standing water and encourage natural predators of mosquitoes, like bats by installing bat houses. There are a number of plants that repel mosquitoes, many of which are active ingredients in natural bug sprays.

If you're enjoying a summer evening outdoors, a mosquito candle could help repel insects, like a trap, attractive, dunk or electronic insect killer. If you go camping, do not forget to bring a mosquito net.

ZIKA Virus Symptoms

  1. Fever
  2. Rash
  3. Joint Pains
  4. Cinunctivity (red eyes)
  5. Muscle Pain 
  6. Headache